The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) secretariat whose host institution is the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has developed in Rome in 2002 a new standard concerning pallets and packages made of massive wood used in international trade with the participation of its members (ISPM-15 International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures 15).
To consider that wood packaging materials are heat treated the core temperature of wood must reach minimum 56°C and to be kept at 56°C for 30 minutes. This temperature value is the value where harmful organisms and insect larvae in the packaging material are killed. Keeping the core temperature of wood at 56 °C for at least 30 minutes indicates that the wood is cleaned from infestation of insects and fungus. This is also the value required by the ISPM 15 standards.
Wooden materials are cleared from incorporated harmful organisms by heat treatment and thus the spread of plant diseases from country to country is prevented. The importance of ISPM-15 for our country is the fact that all packaging materials made of massive wood (SWPM solid wood packaging material) to be used in exportation products may not enter the borders of other countries unless processed by heat treatment or fumigation.
In the event of using pallets that are not conform to ISPM-15 standards or the requirements for heat treatment or fumigation in accordance with ISPM-15 standards are not fully met, the dispatch is not accepted by the importing countries and furthermore in certain cases, pallets are taken under quarantine and returned to their country of origin with the products they transport.
As UPL (International Packaging and Logistics) we are fulfilling the requirements of ISPM-15. In our products, we use the ISPM-15 certificate given by the T.R. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and we certify and document this fact with the necessary stamping procedure.